Magnetic Therapy Research links

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Expert Reports

In order to help educate people about the breakthrough research in this field from worldwide medical professionals and laboratories, we have provided links to independent research reports.

Source: PubMed is a search and retrieval system that integrates information from databases at U.S. National Center of Biotechnology Information; the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health. “Magnetotherapy” is also found under Subclass RZ 409.7-999 at the U.S. Library of Congress

Please select report topic below:

Arthritis (Rheumatoid,                   Osteo) Hair Nerve Repair
Circulation Healing Nervous System
Depression Hypertension Osteoporosis
Endometritis Insomnia Pain
General Lymphocytes Parkinson’s Disease
Migraine Sexual Disorders
Multiple Sclerosis Vision

ARTHRITIS (Rheumatoid, Osteo)

A study of the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy with respect to serological grouping in rheumatoid arthritis. Ganguly KS, Sarkar AK, Datta AK, Rakshit A. National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH), Calcutta.

A case of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia treated with pulsing  electromagnetic fields. 17-year follow-up. Ito H, Shirai Y, Gembun Y., Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Comparison between the analgesic and therapeutic effects of a musically modulated electromagnetic field (TAMMEF) and those of a 100 Hz electromagnetic field: blind experiment on patients suffering from cervical spondylosis or shoulder periarthritis.  Rigato M, Battisti E, Fortunato M, Giordano N., Department of Physics, Section of Medical Physics University of  Sienna, Italy

A double-blind trial of the clinical effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields in Osteoarthritis. Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Dyer RH Jr, Fielding LP, Miner WK, Markoll  R. Department of Medicine (Rheumatology), Danbury Hospital, CT 06810.

The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine. Report of randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trials. Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Markoll R., Department of Medicine, Danbury Hospital, CT.

Magnetic pulse treatment for knee osteoarthritis: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.  Pipitone N, Scott DL., Rheumatology Department, King’s College Hospital (Dulwich), London, UK.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee–a double-blind sham-controlled trial. Nicolakis P, Kollmitzer J, Crevenna R, Bittner C, Erdogmus CB, Nicolakis  J., Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, AKH Wien, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Low-amplitude, extremely low frequency magnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritic knees: a double-blind clinical study. Jacobson JI, Gorman R, Yamanashi WS, Saxena BB, Clayton L., Institute of Theoretical Physics and Advanced Studies for Biophysical Research

Electromagnetic fields for the treatment of osteoarthritis.  Hulme J, Robinson V, DeBie R, Wells G, Judd M, Tugwell P., Cochrane Collaborating Center, Center for Global Health, Institute of Population Health – University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 6N5.

Modification of osteoarthritis by pulsed electromagnetic field–a morphological  study   Ciombor DM, Aaron RK, Wang S, Simon B., department of Orthopaedics, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI  02906, USA.

Pulsed  magnetic field therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee–a double-blind sham-controlled trial. Nicolakis P, Kollmitzer J, Crevenna R, Bittner C, Erdogmus CB, Nicolakis J., Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, AKH Wien, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Therapeutic effects of pulsed magnetic fields on joint diseases  Riva Sanseverino E, Vannini A, Castellacci P., Universita di Bologna, Italy.


Microcirculatory effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields.  Smith TL, Wong-Gibbons D, Maultsby J. Department of Orthopaedic  Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1070, USA.


Mood improvement following daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with depression: a placebo-controlled crossover trial. George MS, Wassermann EM, Kimbrell TA, Little JT, Williams WE, Danielson AL, Greenberg BD, Hallett M, Post RM., Biological Psychiatry Branch, NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Transcranial  magnetic stimulation as therapy for depression and other disorders. Kirkcaldie MT, Pridmore SA, Pascual-Leone A., Department of Anatomy and Physiology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of nondelusional major depressive disorder:an open study. Grunhaus L, Dannon PN, Schreiber S, Dolberg OH, Amiaz R, Ziv R, Lefkifker E., Psychiatry Division, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Effects of left frontal transcranial magnetic stimulation on depressed mood, cognition, and corticomotor threshold. Triggs WJ, McCoy KJ, Greer R, Rossi F, Bowers D, Kortenkamp S, Nadeau SE, Heilman KM, Goodman WK.,Human Motor Physiology Laboratory, University of Florida Health Science Center, Gainesville 32610-0236, USA.

Acute mood and thyroid stimulating hormone effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression. Szuba MP, O’Reardon JP, Rai AS, Snyder-Kastenberg J, Amsterdam JD, Gettes DR, Wassermann E, Evans DL., University of Pennsylvania, Department of Psychiatry, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Therapeutic efficacy of right prefrontal slow repetitive transcranial magnetic  stimulation in major depression: a double-blind controlled study.  Klein E, Kreinin I, Chistyakov A, Koren D, Mecz L, Marmur S, Ben-Shachar D, Feinsod M., Department of Psychiatry, Rambam Medical Center, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa.

Safety and feasibility of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of anxious depression in pregnancy: a case report. Nahas Z, Bohning DE, Molloy MA, Oustz JA, Risch SC, George MS. Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA.

Rapid-rate transcranial magnetic stimulation of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in drug-resistant depression. Pascual-Leone A, Rubio B, Pallardo F, Catala MD. Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Preliminary  evidence for a beneficial effect of low-frequency, repetitive transcranial  magnetic stimulation in patients with major depression and schizophrenia.  Feinsod M, Kreinin B, Chistyakov A, Klein E., Department of Psychiatry, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Influence of electromagnetic fields on the emotional behaviour of rats [Article in Russian] Semenova TP, Medvinskaia NI, Bliskovka GI, Akoev IG., Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow region, 142290 Russia.

Repetitive  transcranial magnetic stimulation. A method in the treatment of depressions  [Article in Danish] Hansen PE. Arhus Universitetshospital, Psykiatrisk  Hospital i Arhus, Forskningsafdeling for Affektive Sygdomme.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in major depression: relation between efficacy and simulation intensity. Padberg F, Zwanzger P, Keck ME, Kathmann N, Mikhaiel P, Ella R,  Rupprecht P, Thoma H, Hampel H, Toschi N, Moller HJ. Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich, Germany

Combining high and low frequencies in rTMS antidepressive treatment: preliminary results.  Conca A, Di Pauli J, Beraus W, Hausmann A, Peschina W, Schneider H, Konig P, Hinterhuber H., Departments of Psychiatry I and II, Regional Hospital, 6830 Rankweil,  Austria.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation versus electroconvulsive therapy for major depression: preliminary results of a randomized trial.  Janicak PG, Dowd SM, Martis B, Alam D, Beedle D, Krasuski J, Strong MJ, Sharma R, Rosen C, Viana M. Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 W Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Three and six-month outcome following courses of either ECT or rTMS in a population of severely depressed individuals–preliminary report. Dannon PN, Dolberg OT, Schreiber S, Grunhaus L. Psychiatry Division, ECT-TMS Unit, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 52621 Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Transcranial  magnetic stimulation in depression [Article in French] Saba G, Januel D, Glikman J. Psychiatre, assistant, Unite de Recherche clinique, Secteur III, Service du docteur Glikman, EPS de Ville Evrard, 5, rue du Docteur Delafontaine, 93200 Saint-Denis, France.

Daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) improves mood in depression. George MS, Wassermann EM, Williams WA, Callahan A, Ketter TA, Basser P, Hallett M, Post RM.,Biological Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Charleston, SC, USA.

Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on late-phase osteotomy gap healing in a canine tibial model. Inoue N, Ohnishi I, Chen D, Deitz LW, Schwardt JD, Chao EY.               Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205-2196, USA.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression. Rosenberg PB, Mehndiratta RB, Mehndiratta YP, Wamer A, Rosse RB, Balish M., Mental Health Service Line, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 0422, USA.

Autoradiographic evaluation of electromagnetic field effects on serotonin (5HT1A)receptors in rat brain. Johnson MT, McCullough J, Nindl G, Chamberlain JK., Terre Haute Center for Medical Education, Indiana University School of Medicine, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA.


A low-frequency alternating magnetic field, a supersonic-frequency  current and interference currents in the combined treatment of chronic nonspecific endometritis Strugatskii VM, Popovich LS.


Evolution  of magnetic therapy from alternative to traditional medicine Vallbona C, Richards T.; Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Equipment design for magnetic therapy and “Polus” devices  Viktorov VA, Malkov IuV.

Beneficial effects of electromagnetic fields Bassett CA., Bioelectric Research Center, Columbia University, Riverdale, New York 10463.

Clinical effectiveness of magnetic field therapy–a review of the literature Quittan M, Schuhfried O, Wiesinger GF, Fialka-Moser V.; Universitatsklinik  fur Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Wien.

Theoretical and practical aspects of general magnetotherapy [Article in Russian] Ulashchik VS.

Applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation in movement disorders.                             Cantello R. Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Neurology, School of Medicine, Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy.

Possible therapeutic applications of pulsed magnetic fields [Article in Czech] Navratil L, Hlavaty V, Landsingerova E.

Pulsed magnetotherapy in Czechoslovakia–a review. Jerabek J. National Institute of Public Health, Praha, Czech Republic.

Electromagnetic fields and magnets. Investigational treatment for musculoskeletal disorders Trock DH.; Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Essential oils and low-intensity electromagnetic pulses in the treatment of androgen-dependent alopecia. Bureau JP, Ginouves P, Guilbaud J, Roux ME. University of Medicine, Montpellier, France.


Magnetic fields in physical therapy. Experience in orthopedics and traumatology rehabilitation [Article in Italian], Borg MJ, Marcuccio F, Poerio AM, Vangone A.

Effects of static magnetic and pulsed electromagnetic fields on bone healing Darendeliler MA, Darendeliler A, Sinclair PM; Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Australia.

Treatment of non-union of fractures by pulsing electro-magnetic fields Hutchings J.

Therapeutic effects of electromagnetic fields in the stimulation of connective tissue repair  Aaron RK, Ciombor DM., Department of Orthopaedics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 00928.

Effects of static magnetic and pulsed electromagnetic fields on bone healing. Darendeliler MA, Darendeliler A, Sinclair PM. Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Australia.

Effects of pulsed magnetic energy on a microsurgically transferred vessel. Roland D, Ferder M, Kothuru R, Faierman T, Strauch B. Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Pulsed electromagnetic fields in experimental cutaneous wound healing in rats. Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic

Exposure to pulsed magnetic fields enhances motor recovery in cats after spinal cord injury. Crowe MJ, Sun ZP, Battocletti JH, Macias MY, Pintar FA, Maiman DJ. Neuroscience Research Laboratories, The Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI 53295, USA. [email protected]

Pulsed electromagnetic fields for the treatment of bone fractures. Satter Syed A, Islam MS, Rabbani KS, Talukder MS., Industrial Physics Division, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka.

The  effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields on flexor tendon healing in chickens. Robotti E, Zimbler AG, Kenna D, Grossman JA. Miami Children’s Hospital, USA.

The influence of pulsed electrical stimulation on the wound healing  of burned rat skin. Castillo E, Sumano H, Fortoul TI, Zepeda A. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico, D.F.

Pulsed magnetic and electromagnetic fields in experimental achilles tendonitis in the rat: a prospective randomized study. Lee EW, Maffulli N, Li CK, Chan KM. Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Effects of static magnetic and pulsed electromagnetic fields on bone healing.  Darendeliler MA, Darendeliler A, Sinclair PM. Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Australia.

Effect of magnetic fields on skin wound healing. Experimental study [Article in Spanish] Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Merlo A. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Salvador, Buenos  Aires.

Pulsed electromagnetic fields in experimental cutaneous wound healing in rats. Patino O, Grana D, Bolgiani A, Prezzavento G, Mino J, Merlo A, Benaim F. Department of Postgraduate Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Universidad del Salvador and Fundacion del Quemado.

Effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on rat skin metabolism. De Loecker W, Delport PH, Cheng N. Afdeling Biochemie, Katholieke Universiteit  te Leuven, Belgium.

Effect of low frequency pulsing electromagnetic fields on skin ulcers of venous origin in humans: a double-blind study. Ieran M, Zaffuto S, Bagnacani M, Annovi M, Moratti A, Cadossi R., Department of Medical Angiology, Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Effects of pulsed extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields on skin wounds in the rat. Ottani V, De Pasquale V, Govoni P, Franchi M, Zaniol P, Ruggeri A. Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, Bologna, Italy.

Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spine fusion: nonoperative salvage with pulsed electromagnetic fields. Simmons JW Jr, Mooney V, Thacker I. UTMB, Galveston, Texas, USA.


The treatment of hypertension patients with electromagnetic and magnetic  fields Orzheshkovskii VV, Chopchik DI, Paramonchik VM, Fastykovskii  AD, Kovalenko VP.


Use of magnetic fields and electronic noise in the treatment of insomnia and neurosis Grunner O.

Sleep deprivation in depression stabilizing antidepressant effects by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Eichhammer P, Kharraz A, Wiegand R, Langguth B, Frick U, Aigner  JM, Hajak G. Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Germany.


Effect of bioresonance therapy on antioxidant system in lymphocytes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Islamov BI, Balabanova RM, Funtikov VA, Gotovskii YV, Meizerov EE. Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia.

The effect of exposure to high flux density static and pulsed magnetic fields on lymphocyte function Aldinucci C, Garcia JB, Palmi M, Sgaragli G, Benocci A, Meini A, Pessina F, Rossi C, Bonechi C, Pessina GP;Department of Physiology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.


Initial exploration of pulsing electromagnetic fields for treatment of migraine.  Sherman RA, Robson L, Marden LA. Service of Orthopedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Wash. 98431, USA.

Treatment of migraine with pulsing electromagnetic fields: a double-blind,  placebo-controlled study.  Sherman RA, Acosta NM, Robson L. Orthopedic Surgery Service, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98431, USA.

Impulse  magnetic-field therapy for migraine and other headaches: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J. Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen, Munich, Germany.


Therapy of day time fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis Zifko UA.; Sonderkrankenanstalt fur Neurologie, Klinik Pirawarth, Kurhausstrasse 100, A-2222 Bad Pirawarth, Austria

Effect of a pulsed electromagnetic therapy on multiple sclerosis fatigue and quality of life: a double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Lappin MS, Lawrie FW, Richards TL, Kramer ED. Energy Medicine Developments, (North America), Inc., Burke, Va., USA

PEMF may improve fatigue associated with multiple sclerosis. Zifko UA. Sonderkrankenanstalt fur Neurologie, Klinik Pirawarth, Kurhausstrasse 100, A-2222 Bad Pirawarth.

Personal experience in the use of magnetotherapy in diseases of the musculoskeletal system Sadlonova J, Korpas J.

Effect of extremely low frequency (correction of frenquency) magnetic field on brain ischemic reaction in rats Zhao L, Wei J, Yan G, Wang Y, Huang Z, Zhao D.; Institute 0f Space Medico-Engineering, Beijing, China.

Theory of multichannel magnetic stimulation: toward functional neuromuscular rehabilitation Ruohonen J, Ravazzani P, Grandori F, Ilmoniemi RJ.; BioMag               Laboratory, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.


Pretreatment of rats with pulsed electromagnetic fields enhances regeneration  of the sciatic nerve. Kanje M, Rusovan A, Sisken B, Lundborg G. Department of Animal Physiology, University of Lund, Sweden.

An experimental study of the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (Diapulse) on nerve repair. Raji AM.

Effect of weak, pulsing electromagnetic fields on neural regeneration in the rat. Ito H, Bassett CA.

Effect of pulsed electromagnetic stimulation on facial nerve regeneration. Byers JM, Clark KF, Thompson GC. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA.

A comparative study of the effects of magnetic stimulation and electric stimulation on peripheral nerve injury in rat. Bannaga A, Guo T, Ouyang X, Hu D, Lin C, Cao F, Dun Y, Guo Z. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030.

Electromagnetic fields influence NGF activity and levels following sciatic nerve transection. Longo FM, Yang T, Hamilton S, Hyde JF, Walker J, Jennes L, Stach R, Sisken BF. Department of Neurology, UCSF/VAMC, San Francisco, California, USA.

Enhancement of functional recovery following a crush lesion to the rat sciatic nerve by exposure to pulsed electromagnetic fields. Walker JL, Evans JM, Resig P, Guarnieri S, Meade P, Sisken BS. Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children, Lexington.

Stimulation of rat sciatic nerve regeneration with pulsed electromagnetic fields. Sisken BF, Kanje M, Lundborg G, Herbst E, Kurtz W. Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506.

Effects of high-peak pulsed electromagnetic field on the degeneration and  regeneration of the common peroneal nerve in rats.  Raji AR, Bowden RE.

A multivariate approach to the treatment of peripheral nerve transection injury: the role of electromagnetic field therapy. Zienowicz RJ, Thomas BA, Kurtz WH, Orgel MG. University of Massachusetts Medical School, Berkshire Medical Center, Pittsfield.


Magnetic and electrical stimulation in the rehabilitative treatment of patients with organic lesions of the nervous system Tyshkevich TG, Nikitina VV; A. L. Polenov Russian Science Research Neurosurgical Institute, St. Petersburg.

History of magnetic stimulation of the nervous system Geddes LA.; William A. Hillenbrand Biomedical Engineering Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907.

Evaluation of treatment with a pulsed electromagnetic field on wound healing, clinicopathologic variables, and central nervous system activity of dogs. Scardino MS, Swaim SF, Sartin EA, Steiss JE, Spano JS, Hoffman CE, Coolman SL, Peppin BL., Scott-Ritchey Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, AL 36849, USA.


The effect of long-term pulsing electromagnetic field stimulation on experimental osteoporosis of rats. Mishima S. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Pulsed electromagnetic fields prevent osteoporosis in an ovariectomized female rat model: a prostaglandin E2-associated process. Chang K, Chang WH. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Bone density changes in osteoporosis-prone women exposed to pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs).  Tabrah F, Hoffmeier M, Gilbert F Jr, Batkin S, Bassett CA., University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Straub Clinic and Hospital, Honolulu.


Evaluation of electromagnetic fields in the treatment of pain in patients with lumbar radiculopathy or the whiplash syndrome Thuile Ch, Walzl M., International Society of Energy Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Pain  management and electromagnetic medicine Ouellette EA., University of Miami School of Medicine, Department  of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Florida, USA.

Evaluation of electromagnetic fields in the treatment of pain in patients with  lumbar radiculopathy or the whiplash syndrome. Thuile Ch, Walzl M. International Society of Energy Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Electrochemical  therapy of pelvic pain: effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on tissue trauma. Jorgensen WA, Frome BM, Wallach C. International Pain Research Institute,  Los Angeles, California.

Spine fusion for discogenic low back pain: outcomes in patients treated with or without pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation. Marks RA. Richardson Orthopaedic Surgery, Texas 75080, USA.

Analgesic and behavioral effects of a 100 microT specific pulsed extremely low frequency magnetic field on control and morphine treated CF-1 mice. Shupak NM, Hensel JM, Cross-Mellor SK, Kavaliers M, Prato FS, Thomas AW., Bioelectromagnetics, Lawson Health Research Institute, Department of Nuclear Medicine, St. Joseph’s Health Care, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ont. N6A 4V2, Canada.

Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: electrodiagnostic parameters–pilot study. Weintraub MI, Cole SP. New York Medical College, Briarcliff Manor, New York 10510, USA.


Akinesia in Parkinson’s disease. II. Effects of subthreshold repetitive transcranial motor cortex stimulation. Pascual-Leone A, Valls-Sole J, Brasil-Neto JP, Cammarota A, Grafman  J, Hallett M. Human Cortical Physiology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Magnetic fields in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N, Derpapas K. Democrition University of Thrace, Department of Medical Physics and Polytechnic School, Alexandroupolis and Xanthi, Greece.

Nonlinear analysis of brain activity in magnetic influenced Parkinson patients. Anninos PA, Adamopoulos AV, Kotini A, Tsagas N. Dept. of Medicine, Demokrition University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Effect of slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on depression in patients with Parkinson’s disease [Article in Serbo-Croatian (Cyrillic)] Potrebic A, Dragasevic N, Svetel M, Kostic VS. Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade.

The impact of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on pituitary hormone levels and cortisol in healthy subjects. Evers S, Hengst K, Pecuch PW. Department of Neurology, University of Munster, Albert-Schweitzer-Str. 33, 48129 Munster, Germany.

The effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the patients with Parkinson’s disease  [Article in Japanese] Fukudome T, Goto H, Izumoto H, Matsuo H, Shibuya N., Department of Neurology, Kawatana National Hospital.

Therapeutic effect and mechanism of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in Parkinson’s disease. Shimamoto H, Takasaki K, Shigemori M, Imaizumi T, Ayabe M, Shoji H., Shimamoto Neurosurgical Clinic, Kurume University School of Medicine,               Ohnojo-city, Fukuoka, Japan.

Therapeutic efficacy of bilateral prefrontal slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depressed patients with Parkinson’s disease: an open study. Dragasevic N, Potrebic A, Damjanovic A, Stefanova E, Kostic VS. Institute of Neurology Clinical Center of Serbia, Medical School,  Belgrade, Yugoslavia.


The use of magnetic devices in treating sexual disorders in men  Gorpinchenko II.


The effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the hemodynamics of eyes with glaucoma [Article in Russian] Tsisel’skii IuV, Kashintseva LT, Skrinnik AV.

Effectiveness of magnetotherapy in optic nerve atrophy. A preliminary study [Article in Russian] Zobina LV, Orlovskaia LS, Sokov SL, Sabaeva GF, Konde LA, Iakovlev AA.

Possibilities of magnetotherapy in stabilization of visual function in patients with glaucoma [Article in Russian] Bisvas Shutanto Kumar, Listopadova NA.

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